JOACHIM, Joseph [1831-1907]: Hamlet=Ouverture. Den Mitgliedern der Weimarschen Kapelle gewidmet von Joseph Joachim. Op. 4. manuscript of scribe's hand, corrected by the hand of the composer. [Hannover, 1853]. Folio. 102 pp. with 16-line music paper. Turquoise paperback of the period with title label in the author's own hand. Bumped.
Standardisierter Preis / kg:
Important manuscript with the last version as printing template. This manuscript is the last revised version of the Hamlet Overture and was extensively edited by Joseph Joachim as printing template mainly in ink, little in pencil. Both the title label and the title are by his hand. There are numerous corrections, additions, revisions and deletions by the composer in his own hand. Pages 14, 15, and 28-34 are written entirely in Joachim's hand and inserted into the score - some loose, some pasted into the manuscript. On some pages there are corrections on music paper pasted over the original score. There is an interesting second dedication on the title page, but it has been crossed out. Under the deletion can be seen, "In memory of a / collaborative work under / Franz Liszt." Joachim had been concertmaster in the Weimar Hofkapelle led by Liszt until December 1852, and had begun to conceive the work during that time. Later, however, Joachim must have decided to rededicate his work to the "Weimar Kapelle" and to delete the old personal dedication to Liszt, possibly because it no longer seemed appropriate to him. One reason for this could have been that a friendship with the Schumanns quickly developed from April 1853 on, and Joachim sent his work to Robert Schumann and asked him for his opinion on it in his letter of June 2, 1853: "the Ouverture to Hamlet, ... is of my composition; I am hesitant about sending it, because it is the first time that you have seen a work of mine. A week ago, I heard it in Weimar; the sounds were in most places as my inner ear had heard them; nevertheless, I felt the need to make some formal changes: in several places, I believe, the forte breaks off too briefly after long climaxes, without sufficient satisfaction for the musical sense. Some remarks from you, dear master, could be of great importance for me and my further striving..." Schumann responds with great enthusiasm for the overture on 8.6.1853: "Do not change anything about it until you have heard it several times. I would like to perform the overture in one of the first of our concerts" and asks for the score and parts. With this great support of the new master Schumann, Joachim probably no longer thought it appropriate to dedicate his work to his old master Liszt personally. The present copy was probably made from Joachim's original manuscript of the Hamlet Overture, dated March 16, 1853, which is in the archives of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna. Presumably this copy was made as early as March 1853 and was also sent to Franz Liszt on March 21. The overture was sent to Breitkopf & Härtel as an engraving copy in March 1854, but was ordered back by Joachim and revised by him in the summer of the same year. This revised manuscript served as the engraving for the parts published in November 1854, as well as for one or more other score manuscripts lent by the publisher, ultimately also for the printed score, which did not appear until 1908. The first performance of the revised version took place on March 23, 1854, at the Leipzig Gewandhaus and was well received by critics: " ... in Joachim's Overture we are confronted with an outstanding creative power ... One would no longer like to call this work an 'overture,' for the composer transcends the boundaries of the art form ... The composition is a free fantasy in a very peculiar form. The whole is powerful, thoroughly healthy, the ideas are significant, the treatment of the orchestra often brilliant." (F. Gleich, Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, 44 Vol. March 1854, p. 151). - Moser pp. 147 and 154-57.